BIOGRAPHY OF PRESIDENT PAUL BIYA

His Excellency Paul Biya was born on 13 February 1933 at Mvoméka’a, Meyomessala Subdivision, Dja-et-Lobo Division, South Region. He was born on the 13th February 1933 at Mvomeka'a (Meyomessala) of the late Etienne Mvondo Assam and Mrs. MVONDO (born Anastasia Eyenga Elle).

1. Education

1948: First School Leaving Certificate (CEPE) (Nden); 1948/1950: St. Tharcissius Pre-seminary, Edea; 1950/1954: Akono Minor Seminary; June 1953: BEPC; 1954/1956: Lycee General Leclerc June 1955: Baccalauréat lere partie ; June 1956: Baccalauréat 2e partie Lycee Louis le Grand (Paris). University Education ; Dégrée in Public Law, Diploma of the Institut d'Etudes Politiques, Diploma from the Institut des Hautes Etudes d'Outre-mer. Diplômé d'Etudes Supérieurs in Public Law.

2. Professional Career

Charge de mission (assistant) in the Presidency of the Republic: October 1962; Director of Cabinet, Ministry of National edu¬cation: January 1964;Permanent Secretary, Ministry of National Education, July 1965;Director of Civil Cabinet (Chief of Staff), Presidency of the Republic, December 1967; Secretary General and Director of Civil Cabinet: January 1968; Minister of State, Secretary General in the Presidency of the Republic June 1970; Prime Minister; 30th June 1975 As Constitutional successor, he becomes President of the Republic after the resignation of Ahmadou Ahidjo on the 6th November 1982; this according to the constitutional amendment instituted by law n° 79/02 of 29th June 1979. On taking the oath of office, he undertook to democratise political life, to bring about social and economic liberalisation, to introdu¬ce rigour in management and moralise attitudes, and to reinforce international co-operation. Elected President of the Cameroon National Union (CNU): 14 September 1983.Elected President of the Republic on 14th January 1984 reelected on the 24th April, 1988, llth October 1992 (First election with direct uni¬versal suffrage with many candidates): 12th October 1997 and 11th October 2004. Elected President of the CPDM, Cameroon Peoples Democratic Party after the CNU was trans¬formed to the CPDM; 24th March 1985 in Bamenda. Multi party; When on the 19th December 1990, Mr. Paul BIYA promulgated the law on associations and Political parties. He was in effect restoring multiparty politics in Cameroon (since September 1966, when Cameroon was under the one party system). As of today, over two hundred parties have been legalised. The CPDM obtained an absolute majority during the March 1997 legislative elections and its candidate won the Presidential election of October, 1997. After winning first democratic elections; The President however chose to form a government that included other political parties. Three parties are represented in government; the CPDM, the NUDP and the UPC. 5 parties are present in the National Assembly: The CPDM, NUDP. SDF, UPC and CDU.

3. Marital Situation

His Excellency Paul Biya married Mrs. Chantal Biya on 23rd April, 1994.He is a father of three children: Frank Biya, Paul Biya Junior and Anastasia Brenda Biya Eyenga.

4. Honorary Distinctions

Mr. Biya is a holder of many decorations and honorary distinctions: Grand Master of the National Orders (Republic of Cameroon);Grand-Croix of the Legion of Honour (Republic of France);Great Commander of the Medal of St-George (United Kingdom and North Ireland);Grand-Croix de classe exceptionnelle (Federal Republic of Germany);Grand Collier de I'Ordre du Ouissam Mohammadi (Kingdom of Morocco);Great Commander of the Order of Niger (Federal Republic of Nigeria);Grand-croix de I ‘Ordre National du Mérite (Republic of Senegal) ;Commander of the National Order (Republic of Tunisia); Doctoris Honoris Causa (University of Maryland, USA);Professor emeritus (University of Beijing, Republic of China) Last but not least; Pan African Lawyers Union Peace Award, (For the Presidents peaceful resolution of the Cameroon- Nigeria border crises)

5. Publications

Mr. Biya is the author of a political essay entitled "Communal Liberalism”, in this book the President explains his choice for economic liberalism and private initiative while at the same time advocating national solidarity, equitable distribution of the benefits of economic growth, social justice, and the development based on invent